Melasma & Pigmentation
Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by dark, irregular patches of skin that typically appear on the face. It is more common in women and is often associated with hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy. Melasma can also be triggered by sun exposure and inborn factors.
A expert doctor can often diagnose melasma by looking closely at your face and neck.
To get a close-up look, your doctor may use a specialized device like a Wood’s lamp or dermatoscope. Placed on (or near) your skin, these devices help your doctor see how deeply the darker pigment reaches into the layers of your skin. This knowledge is extremely helpful if you want to treat melasma.
Sometimes melasma can look like another skin condition. To rule this out, your doctor may perform a skin biopsy, which involves removing a small bit of skin.
Pigmentation is a condition that causes dark spots on your skin. There are different kinds of pigmentations. These include superficial pigmentation, which can be caused by mild sun tan and sun damage, frictional pigmentation that is caused due to constant rubbing, and deep pigmentation, which is difficult to treat, like melasma, chloasma, deep sun tan, hyperpigmentation and more.
Along with the dark patches, these treatment procedures are used to treat many different kinds of skin conditions, which lead to pigmentation. Age spots, sun tan, freckles, solar lentigines, frictional pigmentation (pigmentation from constant rubbing), skin inflammation and certain medical conditions due to increased pigmentation, and different types of scars are the most common forms of skin conditions that can be treated using these procedures. Depending on your goal, your doctor chooses the right treatment plan for you.
Overall care of your skin is required after the treatment to achieve and maintain the results. While using a sunscreen product regularly is very important, it is not enough. You must always wear hats with brims and sunglasses when going out into the sun. You should also keep your skin hydrated and clean at all times. This way you can improve the health of your skin and keep the dark spots away.
Having skin pigmentation is not harmful physically, but it can surely destroy the natural tone and brightness of your skin.
There are many treatments that can reduce dark spots effectively. So, without worrying about them, book a consultation at our clinic and we will help you get your beautiful skin back.
There are three types of melasma and they have to do with the depth of the pigment. A Wood’s lamp that emits black light may be used to determine the depth of the pigment. The three types are:
- Epidermal: Epidermal melasma has a dark brown color, a well-defined border, appears obvious under black light and sometimes responds well to treatment.
- Dermal: Dermal melasma has a light brown or bluish color, a blurry border, appears no differently under black light and doesn’t respond well to treatment.
- Mixed melasma: Mixed melasma, which is the most common of the three, has both bluish and brown patches, shows a mixed pattern under black light and shows some response to treatment.
Not everyone is gifted with flawless-looking clear skin because skin pigmentation is as common as the air we breathe. Skin Pigmentation disorders can cause abnormally dark spots or patches on the skin. Mostly, these skin color changes are observed on the face but these can appear on any other body part too. Also, pigmentation can affect all skin types and skin colors. Excess production of melanin in our bodies can cause dark patches or spots on the skin termed hyper-pigmentation. Many other reasons can trigger skin pigmentation such as sun damage, hormonal imbalances, and a few other environmental factors. In some rare cases, pigmentation on the skin can be caused by a pigmentation disorder or as a side effect of chronic disease or medication. Common types of pigmentation disorders include dark spots, age spots, freckles, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. So, the pigmentation treatment ideal for an individual is chosen as per the type of pigmentation and its severity. The patient’s overall health and medical history are also looked into before suggesting any medication to avoid any side effects. At the clinic, world-class pigmentation treatments are provided with the help of Latest technologies. The doctors always emphasize on finding out the root cause of the skin pigmentation first, before deciding on the course of action. Knowing the underlying cause enables the doctors to provide exact medical advice and treatment.
Hyperpigmentation is very common on skin of color, as darker skin tones already have a higher melanin content. Burns, bruises, acne, rashes, or other trauma to the skin can cause it to produce more melanin and lead to dark spots.
Pigment spots such asage spots(which are also known as sun spots) are caused by sun exposure. For this reason, they appear mainly on body parts that are frequently exposed such as the face, neck, décolleté, hands and arms. They tend to be small, darkened patches of skin.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin. Melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their color. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation.
Hormonal influences are the main cause of a particular kind of hyperpigmentation known asmelasma or chloasma. It’s particularly common among women and is thought to occur when the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin when skin is exposed to the sun.Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of certain hormone treatments.
Some medications and certain health conditions can also lead to hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is often harmless and may require no treatment at all. However, some people may prefer to remove it. For those who do, various treatment methods and home remedies may help.
A person should protect their skin from the sun by using sunscreen and clothing that covers the body and shades the face. Various topical creams can help. If they do not, procedures such as laser treatment may help. A person should seek medical advice before using any creams.
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that can occur for many reasons. Types of hyperpigmentation include age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is often harmless, but people may choose to remove or reduce it. Options include avoiding sun exposure and using removal techniques such as cosmetic treatments, creams, and home remedies.
If a person notices other symptoms alongside hyperpigmentation, they should seek advice from a doctor.
Types of Hyper Pigmentation Include
Age Spots, Also Called “Liver” Spots
To Improve Your Results, We May Add One Or More Of The Following To Your Treatment Plan:
During this procedure, your doctor applies a chemical solution to the melasma. This can help remove excess pigment.
This minimally invasive procedure creates microscopic tears in your skin. As the skin heals, it tends to have a more even skin tone.
This procedure involves taking a small amount of your blood, placing the blood into a machine that separates the blood into layers, and then injecting the layer of blood known as plasma into the skin with melasma. This can help even your skin tone
Laser and light treatments
A few studies have found that adding a laser or light treatment can improve results for patients who are already applying medication to their skin and protecting their skin from the sun.
What People Say About
I got wonderful result to my face.. First I was facing lots of problem on my face.. Going to rebron clinic made me feel absolutely fine and my face problem was slove through awsome result. now I can see my self confident enough.. Thanx for reborn clinic and their team to work so kindly and helping me out
I am going through skin rejuvenating treatment from Reborn Clinic from last two months. Entire treatment is done from scratch with good care and professionalism in both treating the patient and expertise in procedures. Thanks for bringing back my skin as it was before. Thank you Reborn.
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Frequently Asked Questions:
Q1. What is melasma?
Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by patches of dark, pigmented skin on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, and chin. It is more common in women than men, and is often triggered by hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Q2. What causes melasma?
The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to a combination of inborn, hormonal, and environmental factors. Sun exposure, pregnancy or hormone replacement treatment are common triggers for melasma.
Q3. Can melasma be prevented?
Melasma can be prevented to some extent by avoiding excessive sun exposure and using sunscreen with a high SPF rating, wearing a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, and avoiding hormonal triggers such as pregnancy or hormone replacement treatment.
Meet Our Experts
Our team of experts consists of highly qualified and experienced professionals in various fields of medicine, dermatology, cosmetology, nutrition and more.
Dr. Harshal Petkar
Dr. Deeksha S Thakare
Dr. Sakshi Chauhan
Dr. Rupal Saraf
FMC, PGDCC (Germany)
& Aesthetic Physician